Psychoanalysis of Myth 2
Sigmund Freud's and C. G. Jung's Theories on Myth and Its Origin.
Sigmund Freud was born in Moravia in 1856, but his family moved to Vienna only a few years later. In 1881 he graduated as an MD and worked in the Vienna General Hospital for a few years, also researching the clinical uses of cocaine. In 1885-86 he studied in Paris under Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-93), a French neurologist who made pioneering research of hysteria.
The same year Freud returned from Paris, he started his own practice, where he treated nervous diseases and focused increasingly on psychology. In 1902 he was appointed professor extraordinaire of neurology at the University of Vienna, a position he held until he left for England in 1938, to escape Nazism.
In 1896, the same year his father died, he used the term psychoanalysis for the first time. By the very end of the century, in November 1899, The Interpretation of Dreams was published. In 1906 he befriended and started to cooperate with Carl G. Jung from Switzerland. Totem and Taboo, published at first as four separate magazine articles in 1912-13, presented theories that contradicted Jung's emerging models of explanation.
In 1927 Freud published The Future of an Illusion, where he discussed the origin of religion and clearly confessed to his own atheism. Moses and Monotheism was published in 1939, the same year Freud died.
This article was originally written in 2006 for a seminar at the Department of History of Ideas, Lund University, as a part of my dissertation in progress on Creation Myths and their patterns of thought. Transforming the text to webpages, I have excluded footnotes. Published on this website September 10, 2007.
- Sigmund Freud
- Totem and Taboo
- Moses and Monotheism
- Carl G. Jung
- Collective unconscious
- Applying Jung to myth
- Personal myth
© Stefan Stenudd 2006
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