Archetypes of Mythology
Jungian Theories on Myth and Religion Examined
Carl G. Jung broke with Sigmund Freud to develop his own form of analytical psychology, based on the ideas of the archetypes and the collective unconscious. He also found those concepts exhibited in myth and religion.
Jung got a number of followers, some quite illustrious, such as Joseph Campbell and recently Jordan B. Peterson.
This book presents and critically examines the imaginative theories of Jung and the Jungians about mythology and religion, as expressed in their own texts. Although discredited within psychology, these ideas have had a considerable influence on art, literature, New Age esotericism, and movie-making. Still, they can and should be questioned.
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Introduction(Excerpts from the book)
Also, it made sense regarding the content. The Freudian and the Jungian views differ considerably and profoundly. Therefore, each tradition is better to treat separately, for the sake of clarity and consistency.
That changed when Carl G. Jung broke free and developed his own paradigm, which was quite different and deviated increasingly as he continued to develop it. He was quite peripheral at first. Freud dominated the scene. But by time, Jung’s alternative attracted more and more attention, though not primarily from psychologists and psychiatrists. Instead, he was increasingly read and respected by anthropologists, mythologists, authors, artists, and the general public.
In accordance with the variety of his audience, those who picked up on his ideas in their own writing were quite a diverse group. Many were not even primarily interested in psychological aspects, but focused on the myths and Jung’s ideas as tools to explore them.
That had the distinct benefit of the Jungian line being much less constrained and controlled than that of the Freudians. It is strikingly obvious in the Jungian texts. They dare to deviate considerably from Jung, even when praising him as their source and guiding light. There is something about Jung’s thoughts that invites creativity instead of conformity. He is used as a trampoline by which to reach new heights and perspectives, and not at all a standard to obediently repeat.
This is definitely a winning recipe, indicating that Jung will remain much longer and with more appreciation than Freud — at least regarding speculations about mythology and religion. As for therapeutical benefits, both are probably going to be of diminishing value, until they fade away completely. They just don’t have the track record to be sustainable.
Carl G. Jung 21
Erich Neumann 212
Károly Kerényi 224
Joseph L. Henderson 229
Joseph Campbell 238
Mircea Eliade 287
Marie-Louise von Franz 300
Charles H. Long 318
James Hillman 330
Anthony Stevens 357
David Adams Leeming 395
Jordan B. Peterson 414
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