Jo 31 Kata

Jo 31 kata shiho. Stefan Stenudd

The Aikido Jo Kata in Four Directions
with Video Clips

The 31 jo kata often practiced by aikidoka, is normally done in two directions - most movements to the front, and a few to the back. In my dojo, we got the idea of making it shiho, four directions, like most kata with that many movements are in other budo.

       It's fun for a change. Try it out, if you like - and if the photos and video clips are clear enough to figure out the movements. If not, then why don't you find out your own way of doing it?

       The photos were taken by Patrik Orth in Zlin. The video clips were filmed by Johnny Petersen at Enighet dojo in Malmö.

Stefan Stenudd

Video clips


Start - jo in front of left foot.
Starting position. Jo in front of left foot, held by left hand. Body in hanmi gamae. Notice the marks in the floor, for directions of the following movements. The kata should stop at the same spot as it started from.

Kaeshi tsuki chudan. Kaeshi tsuki chudan.
Chudan kaeshi tsuki, with a reversed right hand grip on the back end of the jo, sliding with the feet forward to the left.

Parry. Kaeshi tsuki chudan.
Parry, warding off a jodan attack, feet sliding backward to the right. Follow by a second chudan tsuki, feet sliding forward to the left.

Turn 180°, parry - uke nagashi. Shift hands.
Turn 180° clockwise and raise jo to jodan in an uke nagashi parry. Shift hands.

Yokomen uchi. Kirikaeshi.
Yokomen uchi, from right side, feet sliding forward to the right. Spin jo around in kirikaeshi.

Yokomen uchi, other side.
Step forward to the left with the left foot. Yokomen uchi from the left.

Turn 90°, yokomen uchi. Yokomen uchi, other side, continued.
Turn 90° clockwise, slide forward to the right with the right foot, yokomen uchi from the right side. Step forward to the left with the left foot, swing the jo around with kirikaeshi, yokomen uchi from the left side.

Turn 180°, jo to side. High block.
Turn 180° clockwise, one step back with the right foot, continuing the yokomen in a sweep downward to the right side. One step forward with the right foot, up with the jo in a high block.

Yokomen uchi. Hand change.
Swing the jo around to yokomen uchi from the left side, shifting position of the feet (left forward, right slightly backward). Shift hands.

Draw to do tsuki. Jodan tsuki.
Draw jo with the right hand, then jodan tsuki.

Turn 90°, uke nagashi. Yokomen uchi.
Turn 90° counterclockwise, parry and swing the jo around for yokomen uchi from the right side, right foot stepping forward.

Jo to left side. Turn 180°, for gedan uchi.
Slide back to the left with the left foot, draw the jo back to the left side. Turn 180° clockwise.

Gedan uchi. Spin jo for gedan tsuki.
Gedan uchi (toward the knee). Spin jo around.

Gedan tsuki. Uke nagashi.
Gedan tsuki (toward the knee). Swing the jo around in an uke nagashi parry, counterclockwise.

Gedan uchi. Turn 90° and sit.
Shift hands, and gedan uchi from the right side. Continue the uchi to the left side, and turn 90° counterclockwise, sliding back with the left foot, sitting down. Let the jo slide backward, so the hands grip at its front end.

Draw jo for tsuki, stand up. Chudan tsuki.
Make a circle with the right hand grip of the jo, letting the left hand slide to its other end, stand up, chudan tsuki, stepping forward with the left foot.

Spin jo for tsuki. Ushiro chudan tsuki
Spin jo around with left hand, grab anew with the right hand next to the left, slide with the left hand toward the forward end of the jo. Ushiro chudan tsuki.

Turn 90°, chudan tsuki.
Slide with the right hand to the backward end of the jo, turn 90° clockwise and slide forward to the left with the left foot. Chudan tsuki.

Step back, pull jo. Jo to the side.
Step back to the right with the right foot, slide with the jo to the right side.

Advance, gedan uchi. Continue to high position, jodan tsuki.
Step back to the left with the left foot. Gedan uchi, continuing with the jo in a sweep upward, and jodan tsuki with a high position of the arms.

Spin jo. Jodan tsuki.
Spin the jo around. Jodan tsuki.

Turn 180°, jo to jodan. Yokomen uchi (from left side).
Turn 180°, raise jo to jodan. Yokomen uchi from the left side.

Stop at starting position, jo by left foot.
Let the jo slide down, shifting hands. End at the same position as at the start, the jo in front of the left foot.

My Aikido Books

Aikido Principles. Book by Stefan Stenudd.

Aikido Principles

Basic Concepts of the Peaceful Martial Art, by Stefan Stenudd. Aikido principles, philosophy, and basic ideas. Click the image to see the book at Amazon.

Attacks in Aikido. Book by Stefan Stenudd.

Attacks in Aikido

How to do kogeki, the attack techniques, by Stefan Stenudd. All the attack techniques in aikido explained, and how to do them correctly. Click the image to see the book at Amazon.


Stefan Stenudd


Aikido Techniques
Attacks in Aikido
Ikkyo complete
Tantodori - knife defense
Ki exercises
Jo 31 Kata
Aikibatto sword exercises
Aikido Video Clips
Aikido Photos
My seminars


My Aikido Bio
Aikido Glossary
Ki energy
Tanden, the Center
Aikido Inks
Aikido as Self-Defense
Running a Dojo
Aikido is True
Osensei and Einstein
AikiWeb Columns
Aikido Links
Visitor Response
Aikido på svenska


Attacks in Aikido
Aikido Principles
Die deutsche Version meines Aikido-Buches online
My Aikido Book in Czech
My Aikido Book in Swedish
Other Aikido Books


All about the peaceful Japanese martial art.

A system of jo (staff) and ken (sword) exercises for aikido students.

My paintings, drawings, photos and video art.

My writing - fiction and non-fiction. Books and online short stories.

What the Greek philosophers thought about the cosmos, the gods and the myths.

Mythology, its logics, psychology and archetypes.

Essays on various topics I find intriguing.

My reviews of film, TV, and music.

My bio.

My Other Websites

Myths in general and myths of creation in particular.

Qi (also spelled chi or ki) explained, with exercises to increase it.

An encyclopedia of life energy concepts around the world.

The wisdom of Taoism and the Tao Te Ching, its ancient source.

The ancient Chinese system of divination and free online reading.

Tarot card meanings in divination and a free online spread.

The complete horoscope chart and how to read it.

Zodiac sign astrology, explaining each sign and its meaning.

My Facebook page.

My Twitter account.

My Amazon Author page.

My YouTube account with aikido videos.

My YouTube account Aravadia, with art videos and poetry.

My Swedish website.

My Books

Click the header to get to the webpage where I present all my books in English. Click an image below to go to that book's page on Amazon.

Sunday Brunch with the World Maker. Novel by Stefan Stenudd. All's End. Science fiction novel by Stefan Stenudd. Tao Te Ching - The Taoism of Lao Tzu Explained. Book by Stefan Stenudd.
Tao Quotes - The Ancient Wisdom of the Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu. Book by Stefan Stenudd. Cosmos of the Ancients. Book by Stefan Stenudd. Occasionally I Contemplate Murder. Book by Stefan Stenudd.
QI - increase your life energy. Book by Stefan Stenudd. Attacks in Aikido. Book by Stefan Stenudd. Aikido Principles. Book by Stefan Stenudd.
Aikibatto. Book by Stefan Stenudd. Life Energy Encyclopedia. Book by Stefan Stenudd. Tarot Unfolded. Book by Stefan Stenudd.
Your Health in Your Horoscope. Book by Stefan Stenudd.

About me
I'm a Swedish author of fiction and non-fiction books in both Swedish and English. I'm also an artist, an historian of ideas and a 7 dan Aikikai Shihan aikido instructor. Click the header to read my full bio.