Cosmos of the Ancients
The Greek Philosophers on Myth and Cosmology
restling with the same unwillingness to accept that illustrious gang of gods in the works of Homer and Hesiod, Theagenes of Rhegium, also in the 6th century BC (flourished around 525 BC), was the first to find an allegorical way of reading the myths, where they were to be understood as expressions of natural forces. The battles of the gods, as Homer described them, were really wars of the elements and fundamental qualities of the world, as they related to one another in opposites - fire against water, hot against cold, light against heavy.
In this menagerie, fire was represented by Apollo, Helios and Hephaestus, water by Poseidon and Scamander, air by Hera, and so forth. Also abstract qualities had divine representation - wisdom with Athene, desire with Aphrodite, reason with Hermes and folly, no less, with Ares. For gods to actually do battle, in the way Homer has it, would be unbecoming to them.
No writing of his own remains, nor any fragments of his words.
Freeman, Kathleen, The Pre-Socratic Philosophers
, Oxford 1946.
© Stefan Stenudd 2000
The Greek Philosophers
Cosmos of the Ancients - the Book
The material on this website about the Greek philosophers and what they thought about cosmology, myth, and the gods, is now a book. It can be ordered at the Internet bookstores - printed or as a Kindle ebook. Both contain the footnotes with additional explanations as well as literary sources. Click the image to see the book at Amazon.
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